What's New

‘Harit Path’ Application Launched by NHAI

Union Minister for Road Transport and Highways, Shri Nitin Gadkari inaugurated the "Harit Path" mobile application, developed by the National Highways Authority of India (NHAI). The app is designed to monitor and observe location, growth, species details, along with the maintenance activities, targets and achievements of each of the field units of NHAI for all plant under its plantation projects. The application will also facilitate the tracking of growth and health of the plants. The photographs of the plants captured by the app along with the relevant data of the plants will be uploaded every three months on NHAI’s AI-powered platform – Data Lake. Subsequent to launch of the app, NHAI has swiftly started working and has created user ids of over 150 ROs/PDs/Horticulture experts and about 7800 plants have been geo-tagged. 


Source: https://pib.gov.in/PressReleaseIframePage.aspx?PRID=1647625

Painless Drug Delivery and Vaccination Device

Department of Electronics & Electrical Communication Engineering at IIT Kharagpur has developed a painless transdermal controlled drug delivery and vaccination device. The researchers have developed a micropump and microneedle which are integral parts of transdermal drug delivery systems and can administer large and viscous drug molecules painlessly. The innovation will further enable the transdermal application of COVID-19 vaccine. Says lead researcher Prof. Tarun Kanti Bhattacharyya, “We have fabricated high strength glassy carbon microneedles which can withstand the skin resistive forces. Added to this is our designing of the ionic polymer-metal composite membrane based micropump which increases the flow rate of the drug molecules in a controlled and precise manner. We have further integrated this microneedle and micropump to achieve controlled drug delivery.”


Source: https://kgpchronicle.iitkgp.ac.in/

The skin-like device developed by RMIT team.

Scientists Develop Artificial Electronic Skin

Scientists of RMIT have created electronic artificial skin.  It reacts to pain in a similar way to real skin. This prototype opens the way for enhanced prosthetics, smarter robotics and non-invasive alternatives to skin grafts. The device works by mimicking the body’s near-instant feedback response. It reacts to painful sensations with lightning speed similar to nerve signals that travel to the brain. According to RMIT, Lead researcher Professor Madhu Bhaskaran, “It’s a critical step forward in the future development of the sophisticated feedback systems that we need to deliver truly smart prosthetics and intelligent robotics.” The research team has also developed pressure and temperature sensing devices with stretchable electronics. The related research is published in the journal Advanced Intelligent Systems.


Source: https://www.rmit.edu.au/news/all-news/2020/sep/electronic-skin

EnglishPro app Launched by Union Education Minister

Union Minister of Education Dr Ramesh Pokhriyal launched a mobile application ‘EnglishPro’ developed by the English and Foreign Languages University (EFLU), Hyderabad. It is a free learning app suitable for learning English pronunciation. It is developed under USR (University Social Responsibility) initiative of EFL University and can be used by any person who has studied English as a curricular subject in five years of school education. The application teaches the user about general English pronunciation in the unique Bharatiya way – as it allows the organic transitioning of beginner-level English users from their mother tongue to English. It relates English sounds with related sounds in Indian languages. It also promotes the use of Standard Indian English.


Source: https://www.efluniversity.ac.in/EnglishPro.php

(Image credit: Michael S. Helfenbein)

A New Device — Error-correcting Cat

Physicists at Yale University, New Haven, Connecticut, have developed a new device called an error-correcting cat. This newly developed device combines the Schrödinger’s cat concept of superposition capable of fixing the fiddliest errors in quantum computation. The device can correct an array of errors that come up among fragile bits of quantum information, called qubits while performing a task. The study appears in the journal Nature. 


Source: https://news.yale.edu/

Wearable Sweat Sensor

Researchers from Brazil have created a wearable sweat sensor which is a skin-adherent biosensor based on pure nanocellulose fibre substrate. The natural polymer offers a breathable interface with the skin and permits sweat to travel through for further electrochemical analysis with the help of printed electrodes. It can measure a range of metabolites and biomarkers present in sweat and monitor problems like diabetes. This wearable sensor overcomes various drawbacks caused by plastic sensors including sweat to build up, irritation etc. It can measure various biomarkers like glucose, lactic acid, potassium, and sodium. The related study is published in the journal Talanta.


Source: medgadget.com

Air Unique-quality Monitoring (AUM)

With support from Department of Science and Technology’s Clean Air Research Initiative, Prof. Rao Tatavarti, Director of Gayatri Vidya Parishad-Scientific and Industrial Research Centre (GVP-SIRC) & GVP College of Engineering, Visakhapatnam, has developed an indigenous photonic system for real-time remote monitoring of air quality parameters. The AUM system (patent pending) is an innovative application of the principles of laser backscattering, statistical mechanics, optoelectronics, artificial intelligence, machine/deep learning, and Internet of Things. It can identify, classify, and quantify various pollutants simultaneously (of orders of less than one part per billion) and meteorological parameters, with very high precision, sensitivity and accuracy.


Source: https://dst.gov.in/

Colonoscopy-like Bacteria Grabber

Purdue University researchers have built a way to swallow a tool that acts like a colonoscopy, except that instead of looking at the colon with a camera, the technology takes samples of bacteria. The tool is a drug-like capsule that passively weasels through the gut without needing a battery. The technology could also move throughout the whole GI tract, not just the colon. This tract, in addition to the colon, includes the mouth, esophagus, stomach, pancreas, liver, gallbladder, small intestine and rectum. Essentially, this tool would make it possible to conduct a “gut-oscopy.” An initial demonstration of the prototype is published in RSC Advances, a journal by the Royal Society of Chemistry.


Source: https://www.purdue.edu/

Image credit: Jialun Zhu, Shuyu Lin, and Yichao Zhao (I²BL/UCLA

Smartwatch Tracks Medication Levels

Researchers of UCLA Samueli School of Engineering, Los Angeles, California along with Stanford School of Medicine have developed a smartwatch that can trace drug levels inside the body. The smartwatch analyses the chemicals present in sweat. This wearable technology can be used to design an ideal drug and decide its dosages as per the requirements of an individual. According to the researchers, existing efforts to personalize the drug dosage rely profoundly on repeated blood draws at the hospital. These solutions are inconvenient, time-consuming, invasive and expensive. The related research is published in Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences.


Source: https://samueli.ucla.edu/

Timekettle M2: Real-time Offline Translation Earbuds

Timekettle, a tech startup in US, has come up with the world’s first real-time offline translation earbuds which can translate up to 93 languages and accents without network restrictions between English and 6 other languages. The earbuds are versatile and easy to use.


Source: Indiegogo

Image credit: Playstore

"Unlock Me" — COVID-19 Game

‘Unlock Me’ is a game developed by B Tech student Shreyansh Anchlia along with ideation from faculty members of the Munjal University (BMU) to help spread awareness about COVID-19. It is available on all Android phones, running Version 4.4 and above. The application is secure as it does not demand any personal information to start. The game plays out as an imitation of real-life risks associated with COVID-19, like players getting infected by coming in the vicinity of coronavirus infected places and people. In the game, players need to make the right choices and be cautious of various risks as they proceed further in the game.


Source: digital.in (Press Release)

DocStack App by IIT Delhi

IIT Delhi has developed “DocStack” which is a new document scanning and organising App. The App description on App store reads, “It not only lets you take pro-quality scans on the go, but the universal search feature lets you find them easily when you need them the most. Be it your bills, visiting cards, medical records, credit card bills, ID proofs, down to your grocery bills! Anything for which you wish to save a digital copy, DocStack lets you store it in an organised way. This helps you prevent the clutter of documents that you have been saving in your photo library instead of the photos of your loved ones.”


Source: apps.apple.com

Advanced Weather Prediction System

IIT Kharagpur has developed an advanced weather prediction system to facilitate better decision making in agricultural production and reduction of climatic uncertainties and risks. Sponsored by the Ministry of Earth Sciences, the two projects ‘Gramin Krishi Mausam Sewa’ ‘and ‘Forecasting Agricultural output using Space, Agrometeorology & Land-based observations’ provide timely and right management decisions to farmers to minimize the climatic risk of agricultural production and improve the economic return of farming community.


Source: kgpchronicle.iitkgp.ac.in

Source: kgpchronicle.iitkgp.ac.in

AI-based Cyber-physical System

To monitor social distancing in public places, researchers at IIT Kharagpur’s Autonomous Ground Vehicle (AGV) under the Centre of Excellence for Robotics Research have developed a low-cost Artificial Intelligence-based cyber-physical system. The device will give a proximity alert whenever there is a violation of social distancing norms. The device can visually detect the gap between individuals and play a proximity alert sound through audio output, for any violation of the social distancing norms. The device uses images in the field view of a camera and computes the distance as per criterion set by the Ministry of Health and Family Welfare, Government of India.

CAVILITY — A Transparent Mask

Designers coordinated by French engineer Pierre Blondon have designed and developed the stylish high-security Cavility Mask with features including  Thermo-Plastic Elastomer (TPE). It suits any type of face giving you optimal airtight, high-performance filters, replaceable filters, etc. It is easy to clean and cost-saving too.

Source: indiegogo.com

Source: Mit.edu

Removable Surgical Tape

MIT engineers last year came up with a double-sided adhesive capable of quickly and firmly sticking to wet surfaces such as biological tissues. Now they have further developed their adhesive so that it can be detached from the underlying tissue without causing any damage. As mentioned in MIT News, “This is like a painless Band-Aid for internal organs,” says Xuanhe Zhao, professor of mechanical engineering and civil and environmental engineering at MIT. “You put the adhesive on, and if for any reason you want to take it off, you can do so on-demand, without pain”.

AI-powered Mobile App — National Test Abhyas

Union Human Resource Development Minister Shri Ramesh Pokhriyal Nishank has launched a new mobile application called the ‘National Test Abhyas'. It is developed by NTA to enable candidates to take mock tests for upcoming exams such as JEE Main, NEET under the NTA’s purview. The app will facilitate candidates to access high-quality mock tests in the safety and comfort of their homes. Students from the entire country can use the application to access high-quality tests, free of cost. The tests can be downloaded easily and can be completed off-line too. The app works on Android-based smartphones and tablets and can be easily downloaded from Google Play Store.


Source: PIB

Image credits: https://www.google.com/amp/s/www.gadgetsnow.com/

Washable Textile Coating

Research from the LAMP Lab at the University of Pittsburgh Swanson School of Engineering has created a textile coating which is capable of preventing viruses from adhering to the surface. The work was recently published in ACS Applied Materials and Interfaces. “If the treated fabric would repel betacoronaviruses, and in particular SARS-CoV-2, this could have a huge impact for healthcare workers and even the general public if PPE, scrubs, or even clothing could be made from protein, blood-, bacteria-, and virus-repelling fabrics,” said Romanowski, Research Director, Charles T. Campbell Microbiology Laboratory.


Source: https://www.pitt.edu/


Published in SR July 2020

Health Ministry Launches Aarogya Setu IVRS Facility

Health Ministry has launched the Aarogya Setu IVRS (Interactive Voice Response System) facility for those without smartphones. The 'Aarogya Setu IVRS' has been implemented to include citizens with feature phones and landline connections. It is a toll-free service, available throughout the country. To avail its service a person can give a missed call on the number '1921' and get a call back requesting for inputs regarding the caller’s health. The questions asked will be aligned with the Aarogya Setu App, and based on the responses given, the individual will also get an SMS. The SMS will indicate the health status of the person and also provide alerts for improving health. The service is toll-free and is implemented in 11 regional languages similar to the mobile application.


Source: PIB

AI Powered Flexible Throat Sensor to Track COVID-19

Flexible throat sensor 


Researchers at Northwestern University and Shirley Ryan AbilityLab have developed a novel wearable device and are also creating a set of data algorithms specifically designed to identify early signs and symptoms related to COVID-19 and to screen patients as the illness advances. The device can be worn 24x7 and produces a continuous stream of data. It uses artificial intelligence to reveal subtle, yet potentially life-saving, insights. It continuously measures and interprets coughing and respiratory activity in ways that are not possible with conventional monitoring systems. The devices are presently being used in a study at Shirley Ryan AbilityLab by COVID-19 patients and the healthcare workers treating them.


Source: https://news.northwestern.edu/

Affordable and Effective Face Mask — KAWACH

The IIT Delhi start-up, ETEX has launched an affordable and effective face mask namely KAWACH to protect and safeguard people from the risk of COVID-19. Prof. Bipin Kumar, Textile and Fiber Engineering Dept., IIT Delhi said, “India has several massive challenges ahead – disposal of PPEs (including mask and coveralls) after one-time use and ensuring the minimum use of nonwoven technology for making PPEs. Though a nonwoven layer is must for ensuring the desired filtration level but the loose fibrous structure makes the product disposable after one use. Disposing of synthetic polypropylene nonwoven could have a detrimental effect on the environment. Finding other textile solutions that offer reusability, biodegradability, affordability and scalability for PPEs is the need of the hour; this could ensure meeting both the demand and also safeguarding our environment.” 


Source: iitd.ac.in

Electronic Skin — Human-machine Interface

Wei Gao, assistant professor at Caltech’s Andrew and Peggy Cherng Department of Medical Engineering, has developed an electronic skin, or e-skin, which can be applied directly on top of the real skin. The newly developed e-skin which is made from soft, flexible rubber, can be embedded with sensors. These sensors can monitor information like body temperature, heart rate, levels of blood sugar and metabolic byproducts that are indicators of health, and even the nerve signals that control our muscles. It does not require a battery, as it runs solely on biofuel cells powered by one of the body's own waste products.

        According to Gao, “One of the major challenges with these kinds of wearable devices is on the power side. Many people are using batteries, but that's not very sustainable. Some people have tried using solar cells or harvesting the power of human motion, but we wanted to know, 'Can we get sufficient energy from sweat to power the wearables?' and the answer is yes.”


Source: https://www.caltech.edu/


Published in SR June 2020 issue

Image credits: https://www.fresherslive.com/current-affairs/articles/gokaddal-worlds-first-digital-solutions-exchange-cloud-launched-in-india-24912

GOKADDAL —World’s First-ever Digital Solutions Exchange Cloud

GOKADDAL, the world’s first Digital Solutions Exchange in Cloud, was launched in India. gokaddal.com is a cloud-based solution exchange platform. It mainly emphasises on 4A’s – Automation, Artificial Intelligence, Analytics and Augmentative Technologies. It is a Business to Business (B2B), Business to Government (B2G), Business to Consumer (B2C) solution platform connecting solution providers to solution seekers. It is also an innovative platform for Startups and SME companies. It seeks to facilitate how digital solutions are sourced, delivered and managed. Gokkadal Technologies is a Dubai based emerging Technology company and is a part of the Mekado Group at Bangalore, Karnataka.


Source: https://gokaddal.com/

Apple Unveils COVID-19 Information App and Website

Apple has also launched a website and a new application devoted to the screening of COVID-19. The resources provide an online screening tool, information regarding the disease, and also provides guidance suggesting when to seek testing or emergency care. The site and the application are developed by Apple in collaboration with the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA), and the White House. The app is available for download on the App Store.


Source: https://www.apple.com/covid19/

Image Credits: https://www.apple.com/covid19/

AarogyaSetu app (Image credits: https://play.google.com/store)

GOI Launches Aarogya Setu App

Aarogya Setu is a mobile application developed by the Government of India to link essential health services with the people of India to fight against COVID-19. The App is intended at enhancing the initiatives of the Government of India, mainly the Department of Health, in actively reaching out to and informing the users of the app regarding various risks, best practices and relevant advisories relating to the control of COVID-19. The application tracks through a bluetooth and location generated social graph, it notifies the user about closeness with a COVID-19 positive individual. The app alerts are accompanied by instructions on how to self-isolate and what to do in case if someone has developed symptoms. The app has various advisories on how to maintain social distancing, and various recommendations to stay safe. It also indicates the level of risk regarding infection.


Source: https://play.google.com/store/apps/details?id=nic.goi.aarogyasetu

Rocketbook Notepad Orbit

Legal pads are often considered unfashionable, unorganised and un-eco-friendly. Rocketbook Orbit is a reusable, stylish, cloud-connected and eco friendly notepad. It is customisable, modular, and also connects with your favourite cloud services. It also uses customised “Page Packs” which can easily be removed from the pad. The novel technology uses a magnetic base and has stainless steel rings attached to every pack of Rocketbook pages that can be lifted off the Orbit, flipped 360 degrees, and changed out for a brand new mission.




Published in SR May 2020 issue

Image Credits: Kickstart

Formable and stretchable RF coils Image Credits: https://news.uns.purdue.edu/images/2020/rispoli-coilsLO.jpg

Wearable Coils for Medical Testing

Researchers from Purdue University have created a novel way of doing medical imaging using technology involved in defence and aerospace industries. Medical imaging tests like MRI are often uncomfortable as they use rigid Radio-frequency (RF) coils to detect signals from the body. Purdue's team has developed RF coils that are formable and stretchable. They have created an adaptable, wearable and stretchable fabric embroidered with conductive threads which provide excellent signal-to-noise ratio which facilitates enhanced MRI scanning. The team’s work is published in the journal IEEE Transactions on Biomedical Engineering.


Source: https://www.purdue.edu 

Simplify your Diabetes Care Plan with InPen

InPen consists of a reusable injector pen and an instinctive smartphone interface. InPen is an insulin injector pen which is easy-to-use and facilitates the user to calculate their insulin doses. When the pen is paired via Bluetooth with the mobile app, the InPen's delivery system keeps a track of doses the patient has taken. InPen was designed for insulin-dependent individuals and elderly people who undergo regular numerous subcutaneous injections. It also allows the user to correct the dosage of insulin without wasting it. It lasts for one year and it does not need any recharge. The app uses information transmitted by the pen to track insulin therapy, calculate dose and can also share therapy data with the patient's doctor or family.


Source: https://www.companionmedical.com

Image Credits: https://www.companionmedical.com/

Image Credits: https: Playstore

PM KISAN Mobile App

PM-KISAN Mobile App was launched to widen the reach of Pradhan Mantri Kisan Samman Nidhi (PM-Kisan) scheme which may help in doubling the farmers’ income. With this App, farmers can view the status of their application, update or carry out corrections of their Aadhaar cards. They can also check the history of credits to their respective bank accounts, know about the scheme and dial helpline numbers. Around 14 crore beneficiaries are to be covered under the PM Kisan scheme. The PM-KISAN application is designed and developed by National Informatics Centre (NIC), Ministry of Electronics and Information Technology, Government of India.


Source: https://www.pib.gov.in

Smart Insulin-delivery Patch

Researchers from the University of California Los Angeles, University of North Carolina, and MIT have designed a smart insulin-delivery wearable patch which could automatically regulate and monitor glucose level in diabetics by delivering the required insulin dose.

        The stick-on device is about the size of a U.S. quarter coin and has tiny needles preloaded with insulin, which are less than a millimetre in length and made out of a polymer that’s sensitive to glucose. The technology is cheap to manufacture and one day people with diabetes will hopefully be able to put on one of these patches in the morning without worrying about the glucose levels throughout the day.


Source: http://news.unchealthcare.org/


Published in SR April 2020 issue

HUNU — A Reusable Coffee Cup

HUNU is a beautifully designed and easy-to-carry reusable coffee cup which is incredibly light weighing less than 100 g and measures less than 0.75 inches thin when folded down. Because of collapsible design HUNU can easily be fitted in the pocket. All materials used in designing are BPA-free and fully non-toxic.


Source: https://www.kickstarter.com/

Wearable AC — On-skin Electronic Device

Engineers from the University of Missouri have developed an on-skin device called “Wearable air conditioning” having the ability to monitor blood pressure, the electrical activity of the heart and the level of skin hydration. 

        The device is breathable and waterproof and delivers personal air conditioning to a human body by the process of passive cooling. The cooling does not utilise electricity, such as a fan or pump avoiding any discomfort to the user. Presently, the device is a small wired patch, and researchers suggest that after two years they'll be able to design a wireless version. The findings of the work were published in the Journal Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences.


Source: https://news.missouri.edu/2020/wearable-ac/

Image Credit: Jamayal Tanweer

AppStreamer — A New Software to Stream Data

A team led by Indian-origin researcher Saurabh Bagchi who is a professor at Purdue University, US, has developed an AppStreamer which is a software capable of streaming the data and reducing the space occupied by apps on a smartphone. Without deleting the already existing apps, the software enables the users to continue downloading the apps they desire. The software helps in streaming the data to an app from a cloud server when required which means the app will occupy only the space it needs on a mobile at any given time. 5G connectivity can better be accommodated by using AppStreamer. 


Source: https://www.purdue.edu

Self-moisturising Smart Contact Lenses

Researchers at Tohoku University have developed a novel kind of smart contact lenses which are self-moisturising preventing eyes from dryness. The self moisturising system maintains a layer of fluid between the contact lens and the eye.

        The common problem with contact lenses is that they often cause "dry eye syndrome" due to less blinking and increased moisture evaporation. In order to tackle this problem, the researchers have developed a novel mechanism to keep the lens moist. The system uses Electro-osmotic Flow (EOF), which allows liquid to flow when a voltage is applied across a charged surface. The research is published in the journal Advanced Materials Technologies.


Source: http://www.tohoku.ac.jp/


Published in SR March 2020 issue

Edible “Security Tags” Protecting Drugs from Duplicacy

Purdue University researchers have designed an edible “security tag” to tackle the problem of counterfeiting of drugs. The security tag can be embedded in medicine. To copy the drug, a counterfeiter would have to solve a complicated puzzle of patterns not completely visible to the naked eye.

        The tag serves as a digital fingerprint for a drug capsule or tablet. It uses a verification technique called “physical unclonable functions,” or PUF. PUFs generate a different response once stimulated, rendering them unpredictable and very difficult to imitate. It is the first edible PUF – a thin, transparent film made up of silk proteins and fluorescent proteins which are fused genetically. As the tag is easily digestible and made entirely of proteins, it can be consumed as part of a pill or tablet. The research has been published in the journal Nature Communications.


Source: purdue.edu

Perfusion Machine to Keep Liver Alive

Researchers at the University Hospital Zurich, ETH Zurich, Wyss Zurich and the University of Zurich have developed a machine that repairs injured human livers and keeps them alive outside the body for one week. This invention will increase the availability of organs for transplantation, saving the lives of many patients with severe liver diseases.
        Till date, livers could be stored safely outside the body for only a few hours. However, with the new perfusion technology, livers even the injured ones, can now be kept alive outside the body for a week. The basis of this technology is a complex perfusion system that mimics core body functions. The related study was published in the Journal Nature Biotechnology.


Source: Press Release (University of Zurich)

(Image credit: beamue)

GoFindMe — Track your Loved Ones

GoFindMe is a real-time GPS tracker that can track even without cell service. The device can locate the loved ones more easily as it has built-in GPS and long-range radio technology, etc. The features of the device help you to stay in touch with your loved ones even if your cellphone fails. This provides an all-round tracking and communication solution for all outdoor activities.


Source: https://www.aiblue.com/

Yoto Player — a Smart Speaker for Kids

Yoto player is a screen-free smart speaker designed for kids by Pentagram. The smart speaker is controlled by physical cards helping parents to control their kids by making them listen to what they want them to listen. The device has been equipped with a built-in battery for portable play and a clever magnetic dock to re-charge. In the smart speaker, parents can easily upload the desired content to the blank cards by using a parent app enabling them to manage settings behind the scenes.


Source: https://www.yotoplay.com/