The Moon, the largest and brightest celestial object in the night sky, has always been much coveted by humankind. The only natural satellite of the Earth, it has been a centre of attention for ages, more than any other heavenly body. It is expected that an understanding of the Moon may provide us a pathway to unravel the early evolution of our solar system and that of Earth.
After the failure of soft landing of the Lander of Chandrayaan-2 in 2019, within four years India has bounced back to the next lunar mission with robust technologies, enhanced redundancies, and better understanding. India’s third lunar mission, Chandrayaan-3 will shed light on a completely unexplored region of the Moon, its South Polar Region.
Chandrayaan-1 was India's first lunar and highly successful mission. It was launched by PSLV-C11 on 22 October 2008 and was operational till 29 August 2009. Chandrayaan-1 discovered traces of water on the Moon – a path-breaking discovery in space science. Global imaging of the Moon was another major achievement of this mission.
India's second mission to the Moon, Chandrayaan-2 was launched on board GSLV Mk III (Geosynchronous Satellite Launch Vehicle, now renamed now as LVM III) rocket on 22 July 2019. While Chandrayaan-1 was designed for remote-sensing observations of the Moon surface, Chandrayaan-2 is a…read more on NOPR