Thar – The Great Indian Desert

Rimjhim Bhatnagar


Think of a ‘desert’, and you visualise long expanses of sand, with no vegetation, sand storms, camels, high heat, no food, and no water. This is true, but partially. Deserts are deserted, but they are also a resource on their own. 

One such great desert that provides a large number of ecosystem services is the Thar desert,also known as the Great Indian Desert. The Thar spreads from India to Pakistan, covering the northwestern part of India, of which the major part falls in the state of Rajasthan and the rest in the state of Gujarat.

The huge expanse of sand dunes, oases, flora and fauna give the Thar Desert a distinct look. It is the world's most habitable desert. In fact, about 40% of the total population of Rajasthan lives in the Thar Desert. It is the only place in Rajasthan where the State tree (Khejri), state flower (Rohida), state bird (Great Indian Bustard) and state animal (Chinkara) are found naturally…read more on NOPR