Two Decades of Human Genome Project

Biju Dharmapalan


“It is essentially immoral not to get it [the human genome sequence] done as fast as possible.” – James D. Watson (1990)


GENOME and genomics have become topics of hot discussion today, thanks to the Covid-19 pandemic. In the rush to find a cure for the deadly virus scientists the world over have been engaging in genomics and proteomics research and COVID-19 genome sequencing has been frequently in the news.

The Human Genome Project is a golden landmark in the history of science. Two decades ago nobody would have thought of sequencing and reading what is written in the own genome. Today sequencing is available even on online platforms. It costs under $600 and takes less than a week for an individual to have his or her genome sequenced.

The Human Genome Project (HGP) changed the face of Biological Sciences. Had there been no human genome project, several molecular techniques that we use today would not have evolved and its absence would have been greatly felt during the current pandemic in the face of our inability to sequence the SARS-CoV-2 genome and look for cures and more