S&T Breakthroughs — Year 2020 at a Glan

Sonali Nagar

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The year 2020 began on a fearful note with the COVID-19 pandemic wreaking havoc worldwide. A new deadly virus, a new and highly contagious disease, almost 73 million infected round the world and almost 1.6 million fatalities, the disease has so far exacted a huge toll. The global scientific community responded as one to the challenge looking for drugs and other treatment options, searching for vaccines, studying the genome of the virus – everything they could to combat the SARS-CoV-2 virus. Innumerable innovative developments sought to mitigate the devastating effect of the disease.

The disease became the most reported disease of all times in every form of media. Science Reporter too brought to its readers regular coverage of the various aspects of COVID-19 in every issue since March 2020. Besides, our team at CSIR-NISCAIR brought out regular updates from India and abroad through a weekly COVID-19 Bulletin (www.niscair.res.in) that was initiated in May and continued through 22 issues. Therefore, while reporting on some major S&T breakthroughs of the year in this issue, we have not considered COVID-19 and related news.

Even though it seemed as if the focus of the entire scientific community round the globe had shifted towards the fight against the deadly virus, innumerable scientific & technological breakthroughs were notched up by the global scientific community – from unveiling a young distant milky way look-alike to discovery of the world’s highest dwelling mammal and many more.

Here’s a look at some of the major scientific stories to break during the year 2020...read more