Smiles Mascarenhas, Biju Dharmapalan, M.S.S. Murthy



     •    Roger Penrose
     •    Reinhard Genzel
     •    Andrea Ghez


Black Holes – Exotic Bottomless Pits in the Universe


Smiles Mascarenhas


Three Laureates share this year’s Nobel Prize in Physics for contributing to our understanding of one of the most enigmatic and tantalizing phenomena in the Universe, the Black hole. The work of Roger Penrose is purely theoretical – he devised mathematical models that showed how the General theory of relativity leads to the formation of Black holes. Reinhard Genzel and Andrea Ghez led two independent teams of observational astronomers who discovered that an invisible and extremely heavy object govern the orbits of stars at the centre of our Galaxy. A supermassive Black Hole is the only object that explains their observation.

One half of the prize money goes to Penrose and the other half is shared by Genzel and Ghez. Roger Penrose is from the University of Oxford, U.K., Reinhard Genzel is from the Max Planck Institute for Extraterrestrial Physics, Garching, Germany and Andrea Ghez is from the University of California, Los Angeles, more