Seven Decades of the Council of Scientific and Industrial Research

Hasan Jawaid Khan

IMG

A galaxy of visionaries and planners and some of the most eminent Indian scientists of the day played an important role in the establishment of the Council of Scientific and Industrial Research (CSIR), much before the country gained independence.

The driving force behind the setting up in April 1940 of the Board of Scientific and Industrial Research (BSIR), which preceded the CSIR, seems to have been Sir Arcot Ramaswami Mudaliar, a Member of the Governor General’s Executive Council. The BSIR was set up to oversee research possibilities and to solve problems related to World War II, which was raging during those times. However, there were many research results that were beyond utilisation during the War but could be utilised by Indian industries. And thus, in early 1941 was set up the Industrial Research Utilisation Committee whose main function was to advise the government on the selection of industries that could utilise the research results. Successive developments would eventually lead to the establishment of the Council of Scientific and Industrial Research (CSIR) on 26 September 1942…Read more