Unravelling Antimicrobial Resistance: How Superbugs Challenge Modern Medicine

Deo Prakash Chaturvedi


In recent times, we have witnessed a rapid emergence of antimicrobial resistance at a global level, spreading between countries faster than previously anticipated. Antimicrobial resistance refers to the ability of microorganisms, such as bacteria, viruses, fungi, and parasites, to withstand the effects of antimicrobial drugs that were once effective in treating infections caused by these organisms. These drug-resistant microbes, commonly known as “superbugs,” can survive and multiply even in the presence of antimicrobial treatments designed to combat them.

The emergence and spread of antimicrobial resistance increased by factors such as the overuse and misuse of antimicrobial drugs. The consequences of antimicrobial resistance are far-reaching and impact various aspects of public health and healthcare systems. Treating infections caused by resistant microbes becomes more complicated and less effective. Physicians may need to resort to more potent and costly drugs, leading to prolonged illness and higher healthcare costs. Additionally, the limited availability of effective antimicrobial drugs is a growing concern.

Factors leading to antimicrobial resistance

Antimicrobial resistance is a pressing global health challenge that arises from a complex interplay of various causes. One of the major contributors to antimicrobial resistance is the widespread and inappropriate use of antimicrobial agents. When we introduce a large amount of antibiotics to combat harmful microbes, a fascinating process called “selection” takes place. Among the diverse microbial population, certain microbes possess either inherent or acquired traits that allow them to survive the antibiotic attack…read more on NOPR