Nobel Prizes 2021: Physics, Chemistry, Physiology or Medicine

K. Smiles Mascarenhas, Ramesh Chandra Parida, Himansu Sekhar Fatesingh & Biju Dharmapalan




Attempts to Demystify Complex Enigmatic Processes


Three Laureates share this year’s Nobel Prize in Physics for contributing to our understanding of two of the most complex phenomena in Nature. At first glance, it appears that the Nobel prize is awarded for two diverse topics in physics. But the Nobel Prize committee cleverly worded their announcement as the prize was awarded “for ground-breaking contributions to our understanding of complex physical systems” – one, for the physical modelling of Earth’s climate and the other “for the discovery of the interplay of disorder and fluctuations in physical systems from atomic to planetary scales”. 

So, half of the Nobel Prize money will be shared by Syukuro Manabe of Princeton University, USA and Klaus Hasselmann of Max Planck Institute for Meteorology,  Hamburg, Germany, for their contribution to the modelling of Earth’s climate. The other half of the Prize money goes to Giorgio Parisi of the Sapienza University of Rome, Italy, for his original contributions to a class of materials called ‘Spin glass’…read more