Humans are today producing a lot of waste that is not only hazardous for them but also for the earth. In the year 2020, the world dumped 53.6 million tonnes of e-waste only out of which 17.4% could be recycled. India ranked third in the production of e-waste after China and the USA. The global medical waste management market is expected to reach up to 16.62 billion dollars in 2023.
Disposal of waste coming from hospitals and healthcare facilities became a problem especially during the COVID-19 pandemic. The COVID-19 treating hospitals, quarantine centres, healthcare facilities and self/home quarantine are still producing a huge amount of bio-medical waste that must be treated carefully and responsibly. Proper waste treatment is necessary due to the hazards of such waste to the environment, earth, ecology and humanity.
Internationally, the concerns over bio-medical waste were outlined during a meeting convened by the World Health Organization (WHO) at the regional office of Bergen, Norway in the year 1983. At that time the problem was mainly related to the beach wash-ups…read more